The phrase “Internet of Things” was first used by Kevin Ashton, most likely in 1999, as the title of a presentation he gave at Procter & Gamble. When he was a part of the company, Ashton came up with the idea of putting RFID, an intelligent barcode, on every lipstick they produced so that they could retrieve information about the number of products sold, and when to replenish the shelves at any given point of time. He very rightly claimed that such data could solve many problems in everyday life.
Today, billions of devices are an integral part of the Internet of Things platform, using embedded hardware and software to send and receive data through various communication protocols. So, they could also use our smartphones to access the internet, which would again be connected to some other piece of hardware that would be in our household, for example, and act as a central part of the network.
Many people dream of “smart homes” where every device would automatically function when required. The wake-up alarm and the coffee machine would be programmed to make the day easier, the lights would come on when the owner approaches the house, and a computer device would answer his voice commands, read messages and select the television channel on demand while he prepares the dinner. For decades, such instances were a part of science fiction movies, and today they are already a part and parcel of our reality, and would not be fascinating any more in near future, and all modern technology, which will be an integral part of that future, forms a database they term, the Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things (IoT), also called Internet of Everything (IoE), is made up of all devices that can connect to the network, collecting, sending and operating according to the data they collect from the environment, using built-in sensors, processors, and communication hardware. These devices, popularly known as “connected” or “smart”, can sometimes “talk” to other connected devices, using a process called machine-to-machine (M2M) communication, and operate on the basis of the data received from one of the other devices. Users can set up these gadgets, give them instructions, or access data, but the devices generally work independently. Their existence and connectivity have become possible, thanks to the components available today and the constant online user presence, both at home and in the workplace.
We can simply say that IoT is a combination of hardware, software and applications. IoT also makes up a huge network that can be connected to almost anything, and the classification of connections is very simple:
Internet of Things and Businesses
IoT provides businesses with unprecedented opportunities to collect data and automate processes. It also offers
businesses the opportunity to develop new products and services. These are just some of the ways IoT devices can change the way we do business. IoT devices will have more and more impact on the business industry in days to come, even on those businesses not operating with in the field of technology.
IoT in everyday life
When it comes to our home and office life, it is in this area that the Internet of intelligent devices is most recognized by the public. The application is really diverse, and here are some examples:
Industry is the area where the implementation of the IoT solution will be by far the most massive. A large number of jobs will be automated, thanks to this technology, which will significantly increase efficiency and productivity (and ultimately profit). The entry of another new technology into the production system will certainly eliminate a large number of jobs among simple manual jobs. On the other hand, this does not mean that there will be no need for some new jobs that will require some more complex skills. Ultimately, it is highly likely that the number of jobs will actually increase after the mass deployment of IoT solutions. The main applications in the industry are sensors built into machines that can easily locate the fault (some that can even warn in advance where the fault might first occur), resulting in a significant amount of savings in machine repair and maintenance. Sensors can also be used to test the composition and quality of land. Farmers in the advanced countries are already using such sensors quite efficiently.
Smart cities with IoT
The concept of smart cities aims to adapt city life to our digital habits with the help of IoT, but also to give outdated city infrastructure some new features. Sensors in the cities monitor a wide variety of conditions, from whether the containers are full and when they need to be emptied, to how much carbon dioxide is in the air. With smart solar benches, we can charge phones and track environmental quality data, and the IoT parking system will make sure we no longer wander for hours looking for a parking spot. By placing sensors directly in the concrete structures of buildings and bridges, city authorities can monitor the state of the infrastructure in real time and respond precisely where and when necessary. Particularly important is the application of the IoT solution for crisis management.
Smarter healthcare with IoT
The implementation of IoT in healthcare began several years ago, and it is expected that such solutions will be increasing, especially when we consider that some companies, which are not a primary area of healthcare, are involved in the development of their IoT healthcare programs. Smart hospital beds monitor the patient’s condition and send information directly to the doctor, and wireless insulin pumps after measuring blood sugar give the patient the required dose of insulin. The market for wearable fitness devices has also grown significantly over the last few years, which are also becoming a part of the IoT system. Some insurance companies increase premiums to clients who put data on their smart fitness classes at their disposal (as evidence that they are taking care of their health and that they are less risky policyholders).
Before IoT fully enters all the pores of our lives, it is necessary to curb the euphoria and consider some not so great aspects of this idea as well. First, by creating a world that is so connected, we can (completely contrary to our original intent) compromise our security. Many experts warn that IoT systems will become a constant target of hacking attacks, which can be very dangerous. . Here are some disadvantages:
The Internet of Things technology provides access to everyday information in a way that has not been recorded in human history so far. So, today we can remotely monitor our home and our family members to make sure they are safe and improve the way we do business through the availability of such information.